Introduction to TEVT

The twenty first Century presents new challenges for a radically transformed economy which is likely to have profound implications for the Technical Education & Vocational Trainings (TEVT). The TEVT system in Pakistan must adapt to the key features of emerging economic world order which includes Globalization and Information & Communication Technology (ICT) Revolution.

Globalization generates new demands, structures and systems requiring new skills and knowledge. In today’s global economy driven by knowledge, the foremost wealth of a firm is its human capital. Therefore, the Economic Development of a country strongly depends on the level of Human Development which in turn depends on the level of technically trained manpower. Skilled manpower results in improved productivity for Industry. A country with wide ranging Industrial base generates greater employment opportunities and reduced un-employment and poverty. For optimum performance by Industry, productive work-force is needed to meet economic and social objectives.

Pakistan with a labour surplus economy, on one side has rapidly increasing unemployed youth while on the other end its public and private sector employers desperately look for technically educated and trained workforce. The shortage of skilled manpower is due to a mismatch between academic programs and market oriented skills and trainings. To meet these challenges, Sindh TEVTA, like global best practices, is attending to these issues through improving efficiency of TEVT administration, improving infrastructure i.e. buildings, equipments & machinery, faculty & staff development and introducing demand driven academic programs, trainings, by developing industrial linkages and involving potential stakeholders.

History of TEVT

At the time of Independence, Technical Education was offered in the Engineering Colleges with total annual intake capacity of about 350 students in three fields of Engineering (Civil, Electrical & Mechanical). The 1st Polytechnic Institute, now Govt. College of Technology (GCT), Karachi was established in 1955 with assistance of Ford Foundation, USA. Now, there are 252 TEVT institutions in all over the province.

In Sindh, TEVT administration until recently was in fragmented manner and controlled by three different departments i.e. 182 Institutes - Education & Literacy, 34 Institutes - Labour and 16 Institutes by Social Welfare Department. Due to lack of coordination these Departments were performing overlapping functions, especially in the area of Vocational Trainings and do not focus on effective control and did not align to Federal / Provincial Policy Framework. Besides, infrastructure of these institutions in terms of buildings, equipment, machinery and faculty did not meet national and international standards. Due to proficiency gaps trained manpower was not acceptable to local & international labour markets.

Keeping in view, the changing Domestic and International labor market requirement and in line with the scheme of reorganization of TEVT Institutions adopted by other provinces, Government established Sindh TEVTA to undertake & manage TEVT Institutions in the province. In order to extend complete autonomy & effective management, the policy making task has been entrusted to the STEVTA Board consisting of eminent professionals, from Public & Private Sector, Representatives from leading industries, universities etc. Sindh Cabinet in its meeting held on 28th February 2009 entrusted, the administrative control of all TEVT Institutions of the Province to STEVTA.

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